Organ Donation in India

Organ Donation in India

Organ Donation in India
Each year, hundreds of people die while waiting for an organ transplant. There is a shortage of organs, and the gap between the number of organs donated and the number of people waiting for a transplant is getting larger. Transplants, as an option, have successful outcomes, and the number of people needing a transplant is expected to rise steeply due to an ageing population and an increase in organ failure.
Organ Donation in India

In India, a large number of people die due to road traffic accidents. However, only a small number of people that die due to these circumstances are able to donate their organs. As organs need to be transplanted as soon as possible following the donor’s death, they can only be donated by someone who has died in the hospital. Usually, organs come from people who are certified as dead while on a ventilator in a hospital intensive care unit, which can be as a result of a hemorrhage, major accident like a car crash or stroke.

Key Reasons for Shortage of Organ
donors in India

Ignorance and Lack of Knowledge about Organ Donation

There is a major lack of awareness about organ donation in India, and recent polls and surveys reveal that people would come forth with their wish to donate if they had received more information.

Registering One’s Wish to Donate

A major reason for the shortage of organs is that many people have not recorded their wish about organ donation or discussed it with their families.

Myths and Beliefs

Myths and misconceptions about organ donation discourage potential donors from making the decision to donate organs or tissue after death.

Organ Donation in India

Almost 1.5 lakh people in India need a kidney; however, only 3000 of them receive one.

Only 1 out of 30 people who need a kidney receive one.

90% of people in the waiting list die without getting an organ.

India’s annual liver transplant requirement is 25,000, but we manage only about 800.

70% liver transplants are taken care of by a live donor, but 30% are dependent on cadaver donations.

Source: Times of India, DNA India